A Framework for Inductive Reasoning in Model-Based Science

Authors

  • Milagros Maribel Barroso Rojo Universidad Alberto Hurtado

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.22370/rhv2023iss23pp259-285

Keywords:

induction, inductive reasoning, scientific inference, Norton's material theory of induction, models, Whewell’s induction

Abstract

This paper argues that the linguistic approach to analyzing induction, according to which induction is a type of inference or argument composed of statements or propositions, is unsuitable to account for scientific reasoning. Consequently, a novel approach to induction in model-based science is suggested. First, in order to show their adherence to the linguistic treatment of induction, two strategies are reviewed: (i) Carnap and Reichenbach’s attempts to justify induction and (ii) Norton’s recent material theory of induction. Second, three reasons are provided to support the claim that the linguistic treatment of induction is insufficient in accounting for model-based reasoning in science. Finally, a framework focused on models—rather than statements or propositions—is suggested to address induction in science. William Whewell’s theory of induction is briefly outlined as an example of a non-propositional treatment of induction that is consistent with model-based scientific practice.

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Published

2023-12-26

How to Cite

Barroso Rojo, M. M. (2023). A Framework for Inductive Reasoning in Model-Based Science. Revista De Humanidades De Valparaíso, (23), 259–285. https://doi.org/10.22370/rhv2023iss23pp259-285

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